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Satchu's Rich Wrap-Up
Monday 28th of June 2021

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Every Home I’ve Lived in is a Papier-Mâché Piñata Yashodhara Trivedi

from my fifth birthday party overrun by balloon animals

that broke free of blush streamers flying off the wall

like panthers on the prowl in the dining hall

of Chittaranjan Park. Giggling cousins parked

‘round my fairy princess cake with M&M buttons and candy floss hair

as I blew out candles to may-God-bless-you renditions,

Dad’s the loudest while Mum, no stranger to competition

and blessed with the diction of a convent education

could sing us all under the table if she wanted

but saved her breath for Deshbandhu Road instead,

where every Sunday was a playdate for Lionel Richie and Elvis

jailhouse rockin’ down the hallway to blow me a sleepy kiss.

Impromptu sing-offs in our music box apartment

tempered to a low hum during business hours but the weekend —

oh the weekend bloomed like dinner plate dahlias with boombox petals

cartwheeling into our not-so-private jam sessions.

More birthdays brought the sweet music of democracy

as Eminem rubbed shoulders with Jagjit Singh

as Dad played the dad card to play God with the playlist

but the joke’s on him ‘cause I snuck all my favourites

into Samsonite suitcases to Atherton Street,

where a crash course in Indian classical awaited

the white kids that shared a party wall with me.

Their tenacity was impressive, dishing out cheeky meals

of Radiohead and earworms from 2-4-1 Friday deals,

a melting pot till I shut shop and hit the gas

to Church Street Head. We broke bread

as the kitchen table wheezed under charcuterie

that blew kisses at dim sums and Darjeeling first flush tea.

My food porn fantasies formed a spank bank of such ferocity

that it sprouted fangs and skulked away to Gardenia Glory

where sev poha and stuffed paratha lay in wait for me.

Leafy greens fisticuffed with my coastal dreams

of pomfret fry and spotted lakes of posto ilish

till a puff of smoke blew me over like dandelion seeds

to Amrapali Sapphire where spiders wander free.

Now the King shares closet space with a pest control kit

and M&Ms coronate fairy cakes as a Sunday morning treat

so ask me about the time machine that runs on memory

and I will say I don’t know much but just enough

to build a home wherever life takes me.

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Pandemics and Political Performance @ProSyn @FukuyamaFrancis & LUIS FELIPE LÓPEZ-CALVA

The huge variation in how countries have performed during the pandemic points to deeper underlying political and governance issues that have now come fully into view. 

In many countries, especially in Latin America and the Caribbean, the road ahead will be long and difficult.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a laboratory for testing different governance systems in the face of a public-health crisis, ultimately revealing massive variance in country performance. 

For example, countries in East Asia (China, Taiwan, South Korea, and Japan) tended to do a better job of controlling the pandemic than did many countries in the Americas and Europe.

But these outcomes are not about democratic versus authoritarian government, as some have argued. 

Among East Asia’s high performers are authoritarian states as well as strong and vibrant democracies. 

Nor is the difference wholly due to economic resources or public health expertise, considering that poorer countries like Vietnam have done better than many rich countries. 

What, then, is behind the divergence in outcomes? While the explanation is doubtless complex, three key factors stand out from a governance perspective: state capacity, social trust, and political leadership.

State capacity may be obvious, but it is nonetheless fundamental. A country without a strong public-health system will flounder in a pandemic. This factor gave East Asian countries a big advantage. But state capacity is not the whole story. 

In Brazil, where the health sector has made strong progress in recent years, adequate capacity was not a sufficient condition for preventing a deeper crisis.

The second factor, social trust, works in two dimensions. 

A population must trust its government; otherwise, compliance with onerous but necessary public-health mandates such as quarantining will be low. 

Unfortunately, such “institutional trust” has been declining over the past ten years in Latin America and the Caribbean. 

So, too, has trust between citizens, the second dimension of social trust. 

In many countries during the pandemic, low social trust has interacted with high levels of polarization to produce devastating consequences. 

The third factor is political leadership. In the context of a public emergency, the people at the top of hierarchical state institutions are empowered to take decisive action. 

Who these people are and what incentives they face can make a big difference in determining the effectiveness of their actions. 

Some political leaders viewed the pandemic largely as a threat to their own political fortunes and devised policies accordingly. Others took seriously their role as guardians of the public interest.

The COVID-19 crisis has laid bare systemic inequities that will have to be addressed if we are ever going to build more sustainable, resilient, and inclusive societies. 

In Back to Health: Making Up for Lost Time, leading experts examined the immediate legacy of the pandemic and explored solutions for bringing all communities and societies back to health.

The results of these different political calculations are reflected in both the efficacy and the sustainability of national pandemic responses. 

Political leadership happens at many levels; but without coordinated and cooperative action across government hierarchies and sectors, the overall policy response will be less effective.

Limited state capacity, low social trust, and poor political leadership are warning signs of democratic deterioration. 

Globally, the pandemic has shown that we are facing a democratic recession, revealing challenges that have long been building beneath the surface. 

We can think of these challenges as the pre-existing conditions that have made countries more or less vulnerable to the pandemic.

Prior to the arrival of COVID-19, Latin America and the Caribbean were already beset by social unrest and political instability, reflected in widespread protests and rising populism. 

The region’s fractured foundations reflect a phenomenon sometimes referred to as “political decay.” 

When an existing political system fails to accommodate the demands of a population whose expectations have been rising on the back of positive economic and social gains, it eventually loses legitimacy and descends into instability.

After a sustained period of economic growth, Latin America’s new middle class is increasingly finding its expectations unmet, and the consequences are now coming fully into view. 

Frustration over persistently high levels of inequality and corruption has fueled growing resentment toward elites who are perceived as using politics to enrich themselves.

There is no easy solution to this governance problem. Investing in state capacity and building social trust can take a long time and require good political leadership. 

Nonetheless, in countries that are experiencing a vicious cycle of ineffective governance in the face of the pandemic, political leaders can pursue constructive action in three related areas. 

The first, and most immediate, is public policy. It is not too late to improve or expand measures for dealing with the health, economic, and social consequences of the pandemic.

Second, and more broadly, Latin American and Caribbean countries need to reconsider the underlying “rules of the game.” 

This could mean pursuing fiscal policies to redistribute incomes, adopting regulations to prevent market capture by a few actors, and creating better pathways for civil-society organizations to participate in policymaking and governance. 

This is a much longer project, but it will be essential for creating the types of institutions that will be needed to guard against the next pandemic.

Finally, it is important to understand the coalitions of actors that are needed to effect these changes democratically. 

Change requires political mobilization. At the end of the day, it is the people – that is, all of us – who make and sustain the rules and policies that we have come to call “institutions.”

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Political decision-making is now driven by often weaponized babble. @FukuyamaFrancis
Law & Politics

The democratization of authority spurred by the digital revolution has flattened cognitive hierarchies along with other hierarchies, and political decision-making is now driven by often weaponized babble. @FukuyamaFrancis

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States with such rulers can get “seized by senility and the chronic disease from which [they] can hardly ever rid [themselves], for which [they] can find no cure”
Law & Politics

Ibn Khaldun explained the intrinsic relationship between political leadership and the management of pandemics in the pre-colonial period in his book Muqaddimah 

Historically, such pandemics had the capacity to overtake “the dynasties at the time of their senility, when they had reached the limit of their duration” and, in the process, challenged their “power and curtailed their [rulers’] influence...” 

Rulers who are only concerned with the well-being of their “inner circle and their parties” are an incurable “disease”. 

States with such rulers can get “seized by senility and the chronic disease from which [they] can hardly ever rid [themselves], for which [they] can find no cure”

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Covid cracks Modi’s ‘Teflon’ popularity @asiatimesonline
Law & Politics

India’s image-conscious Prime Minister Narendra Modi has suffered a plunge in popularity after a second Covid wave hit the country beginning in April. Modi had been riding high with near-80% approval before a series of shocks sent it tumbling.

US data tracking company Morning Consult said his support has dropped to 63%. Indian pollster CVOTER said those “very satisfied” with the prime minister’s performance had fallen to 37% from 65% a year earlier.

The Ganges is the holy river for Hindus. Seeing bodies “suspected” to have died of Covid floating on the river and being buried in the sandy banks brought tears and anger all around the country.

Funeral pyres worked overtime as corpses piled up. Crematoriums were busier than ever.

These images hit Modi hard, at home and around the world. His reputation as a strong leader and larger-than-life messiah who could do no wrong seems irreparable. The country’s image took a beating in the process.

Ordinary people have been the victims of the government’s failures and this has been reflected in Modi’s collapsing popularity.

The economy is another major concern for him and his party. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) has taken a sharp dip. The economy shrank by 7.3% over 2020-21, the biggest decline in years. Unemployment is rising and so is inflation.

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09-MAY-2021 :: Benito Modi whose hyper incompetence even the Die Hard BJP ''Deadenders'' are finding it impossible to defend
Law & Politics

Benito Modi whose hyper incompetence even the Die Hard BJP ''Deadenders'' are finding it impossible to defend positively aided and abetted the “Kumbh Mela [which] may end up being the biggest super spreader event in the history of this pandemic.” Professor Ashish Jha

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.@RahulGandhi was mocked for saying this. @SriniSivabalan @srinivasiyc
Law & Politics


What if this is a Harbinger for later in the Year? 

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Nations w/ high COVID-19 2wk avg case/day increase @jmlukens

Rwanda: 610%

Mozambique: 514%

Burma: 397%

Bangladesh: 126%

South Africa: 125%

Indonesia: 117%

Mongolia: 98%

UK: 98%

Portugal: 91%

Zambia: 88%

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New cases in Russia have doubled in merely a few weeks, with mortality spiking to previous heights. @fibke

Very concerning given that many -- 75% of the population according to IHME -- had been previously infected.

“The increase in the Russian Federation, also linked to the delta variant, in a population with more than 75% previously infected, suggests immune escape for natural infection along with increased transmissibility.“

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South India's N440K COVID variant 15 times more lethal

Amid the already raging COVID-19 second wave in India, a new variant of SARS-CoV-2 - 'N440K' - has been discovered in many parts of the country. 

Scientists at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) have found that lineages with N440K are not the dominant ones in the second wave of COVID pandemic in the country.

CCMB scientists discovered the new coronavirus variant, which is believed to be at least 15 times more lethal than the earlier ones. 

The N440K variant is the reason for the sharp spike in new infections in Andhra Pradesh in the last few weeks.

According to the scientists, the new COVID variant may even be stronger than the Indian variants - B1.617 and B1.618. 

The B.1.617 variant contains mutations from two different virus variants - E484Q and L452R.

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04-JAN-2021 :: What Will Happen In 2021

Today only the Paid for Propagandists and Virologists and WHO will argue that there is a ''zoonotic'' origin for COVID19. 

It is remarkable that the Propaganda is still being propagated more than a year later. 

Those who have chosen to propagate this narrative are above the radar and in plain sight and need to be called to account. 

The Utter Failure to call these 5th columnists to Account is the clearest Signal that there is no external threat because it is already on the inside.

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the most controversial article in any science journal since pandemic's start: what The Lancet billed as a 'statement in support of the scientists, public health professionals and medical professionals of China' published last February @ianbirrell

The authors attacked what they described as 'conspiracy theories suggesting that Covid-19 does not have a natural origin'.

They praised Beijing's 'rapid, open and transparent sharing of data on this outbreak' but warned this was 'threatened by rumours and misinformation' on the origins – rather than by a dictatorship that silenced doctors, hid data and buried evidence.

The Lancet letter, signed by 27 experts, played a key part in silencing scientific, political and media discussion of any idea that this pandemic might have begun with a lab incident rather than spilling over naturally from animals. 

It was even reportedly used by Facebook to flag articles exploring the lab leak hypothesis as 'false information' before the social media giant dramatically changed tack last month.

Yet it emerged later that The Lancet statement was covertly drafted by British scientist Peter Daszak – a long-term collaborator with the Wuhan Institute of Virology, which was carrying out high-risk research on bat coronaviruses and had known safety issues.

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The rise and fall of British virus hunter Peter Daszak @thesundaytimes

On January 18, Peter Daszak, born and raised in the mill and mining town of Dukinfield, near Manchester, awoke to a winter’s dawn in central China, 5,500 miles away. “Sunrise in Wuhan — my early morning view on day 4 of quarantine — beautiful,” he tweeted, with a photograph of skyscrapers against a hazy orange sky.

His presence there in a delegation from the World Health Organisation (WHO) on a mission of global significance showed a remarkable rise for the 55-year-old parasitologist with a PhD from the University of East London.

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01-MAR-2020 :: The Origin of the #CoronaVirus #COVID19

What is clear is that the #COVID19 was bio-engineered The Science [and I am not a Scientist is irrefutable and in the public domain  for those with a modicum of intellectual interest. 

This information is being deliberately suppressed.

This took me to Thomas Pynchon

“If they can get you asking the wrong questions, they don't have to worry about answers.”

“There's always more to it. This is what history consists of. It is the sum total of the things they aren't telling us.”

 Now Why are we being led away from this irrefutable Truth

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Xi has taken calculated risks. The muscular and multi-faceted nature of Chinese Power is seen in its handling of COVID19

Controlling the COVID19 Narrative, suppressing the Enquiry, parlaying the situation into one of singular advantage marks a singular moment  

Xi Jinping has exhibited Chinese dominance over multiple theatres from the Home Front, the International Media Domain, the ‘’Scientific’’ domain over which he has achieved complete ownership and where any dissenting view is characterized as a ‘’conspiracy theory’’

It remains a remarkable achievement

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Currency Markets at a Glance WSJ
World Currencies

Euro 1.1931

Dollar Index 91.831

Japan Yen 110.69

Swiss Franc 0.91835

Pound 1.3906

Aussie 0.7587

India Rupee 74.1949

South Korea Won 1130.20

Brazil Real 4.9352

Egypt Pound 15.6665

South Africa Rand 14.181

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It was the second wave that killed the dip buyers the most @sunchartist
World Currencies

Crypto Dip being bought is not much different from the Asian financial crisis (central govt raising rates to protect currency)  and the pre-GFC selloff (the entire subprime was $600 bln small in the scheme of things)

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A third #COVID19 wave is happening in Africa. @ONEinAmerica

While the continent was largely spared at the start of the pandemic, earlier this week, Africa hit over 25,000 daily confirmed COVID-19 cases, and has the highest severe COVID-19 death rate in the world. 

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President Ramaphosa, speaking to the nation this evening, moves South Africa to #level4 #LockDown @rid1tweets

Here are the three waves of #COVID19SA cases superimposed 

Case incidence at 26.1 per 100k, 20% higher than 1st peak and at 79% of 2nd wave peak

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Nations w/ fast COVID-19 2wk avg death/day increase @jmlukens

Uganda: 440%

Botswana: 417%

Zambia: 367%

Namibia: 188%

Oman: 157%

Bangladesh: 124%

Guatemala: 121%

Indonesia: 95%

UK: 91%

Afghanistan: 53%

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Ethiopia Is at a Crossroads. Can the Nation Survive in Its Current Form? @TIME

Two things are almost certain in coming days: 

Election officials will announce that the governing Prosperity Party has won enough seats to form a government with current Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed remaining at its head, and opposition parties will cry foul.

There are more than 90 ethnic groups living within Ethiopia’s borders, and many feel almost entirely excluded from political power.

But there’s a troubling parallel here with the former Yugoslavia. The end of authoritarian rule in a country divided into ethnic-dominated territories can open a Pandora’s Box of fear, suspicion, and anger among ethnic groups, as it did among Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Bosnian Muslims, Montenegrins, Kosovar Albanians, and Macedonians in the 1990s. 

In Ethiopia, ethnic killings began to increase in the country in 2018, displacing nearly three million people during Abiy’s first year in office.

This is the crossroads for Ethiopia. Can the nation survive in its current form? Which is more dangerous for its future: An open hand or a closed fist?

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Brand new—and terrifying—@USAID findings on #Tigray: we now believe up to 900,000 people are facing famine conditions, with millions more at risk. @PowerUSAID

PM Abiy said this week "there is no hunger in Tigray." This is false: critical aid is being blocked & prevented from saving lives.

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Eritrea’s final war? by Kjetil Tronvoll

The Eritrean state was born out of a 30-year liberation war. Its current military adventure in Tigray may lead to its collapse.

What is Eritrea’s objective in the war? And, how will it impact the one-man rule of President Isaias Afwerki?

To understand current Eritrean policies, one needs to discern the mindset of its autocratic president, the former guerrilla leader of Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF), who has ruled the totalitarian one-party state with an iron fist since independence.

Isaias has incessantly demarcated the borders of Africa’s second newest country through bloodshed and sacrifices—as Eritrea has been at war with all its neighbours since its independence in 1993.

In 1995, it clashed with Yemen over the Hanish Islands in the Red Sea and in 1996 with Sudan, before the devastating border war with Ethiopia from 1998-2000. 

In 2008, Eritrea picked a fight with its tiny southern neighbour Djibouti, also over a strip of contested territory. 

In all these conflicts, Eritrea was the first to launch military engagement—and tens of thousands of youths have perished on the battlefields to sustain the image of the country as an invincible warrior nation.

Isaias, meanwhile, attributes blame for the endless conflicts brought upon Eritrea to external forces, usually the USA, which he claims harbours an interest to “keep Eritrea hostage through the continuous fomenting and ‘managing’ of crises.”

Eritrea has been called the modern Sparta State, as its martial traditions with never-ending military service and constant war campaigns resemble that of the ancient Greek city-state. 

In 1998 Eritrea launched an offensive against Ethiopia, ostensibly over a sliver of territory along the border to Tigray. 

The war’s root causes, however, were found in differences of ideology, economic policy, and development visions between the two new governments in Asmara and Addis Ababa.

During a two-year period of fighting, over 100,000 combatants were killed, before the Ethiopian army finally managed to crush the Eritrean forces and push them out of Tigray.

The humiliating military defeat of his ‘invincible’ army has been a heavy burden for Isaias to carry ever since. 

The current full-scale military invasion of Tigray is thus likely driven by the desire for vengeance and to settle old scores, as Isaias apparently has ordered his forces to undertake what may appear to be a genocidal campaign against Tigrayans.

Beyond vengeance against the TPLF, some argue that Isaias also harbours an interest in unmaking the ethnic configuration of the Ethiopian federation, with the aim of realigning Eritrea with Ethiopia—

a vision staunchly opposed by TPLF but seems to be backed by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. Issues on the table include a federal/ confederal arrangement, the merger of the two national armies, an Ethiopian navy base in the Eritrean Red Sea ports, and joint mineral exploration in border areas.

In spite of possible benefits, Eritrean nationalists in exile are afraid Isaias will squander the hard-won independence, for the sake of his own personal ambitions to become the ‘big man’ of the Horn of Africa in an Eritrean-Ethiopian federation.

Abiy promised that the war campaign against Tigray would be a ‘quick-fix’ law enforcement operation; half a year later, he admits that they are still fighting a “difficult and tiresome” guerrilla war in the region. 

Without Eritrea’s entrenched involvement in the war, the ENDF would struggle even more.

Isaias has committed most of the country’s military resources to the Tigray war campaign. 

Tens of thousands of Eritrean troops are currently fighting and dying in Tigray. 

Debretsion Gebremichael, the ousted regional President of Tigray and the head of TDF, claims that the heavy losses inflicted upon EDF in the past few months is depleting their fighting capacity.

On a satellite link from the field, Debretsion told me: “During the last two months, we have been fighting eight Eritrean divisions at the same time. Still, they did not manage to penetrate our defence.”

He further claimed, “Now, one Eritrean division does not dare to move alone–they have to deploy together in three or four divisions.”

As a result, Debretsion asserted, EDF’s capability “is declining” and “their movement is also constrained.”

Ethiopia is blatantly rejecting TDF’s claims of holding the upper hand in the fight. 

The government spokesperson stated on 3 June that ENDF is currently “finalizing operations” to achieve the law enforcement objective to arrest or eliminate the TPLF ‘junta’. 

However, the TDF counter-offensive ‘Operation Alula,’ launched on 18 June, has reportedly ‘liberated’ swaths of territories and towns across central and eastern Tigray, and thousands of ENDF soldiers are taken as prisoners of war.

From inside Eritrea, an edgy voice of an Arbi Harnet (Freedom Friday) opposition activist, who must remain anonymous for their safety, conveyed growing sentiments of despair: 

“The war has a bad impact on the government. Although the people have been losing faith in the government for a while, this will be the final blow for those who were perhaps not as convinced.”

The source also described an environment of “mistrust and betrayals” prevalent within the Eritrean army. 

He said, “when President Isaias Afwerki tries to escape from taking responsibility for this, it is obvious that it will devastate his chances of staying in power.”

Isaias cannot afford to lose yet another war in Tigray. 

Nor can he afford to diminish Eritrea’s military capacity too much, as this will make Eritrea vulnerable for a subsequent TDF offensive or open up for domestic unrest. If he fails in Tigray, it may likely lead to his downfall.

As the war rages, TDF is actively encouraging Eritrean troops and officers to defect and join the Eritrean opposition forces in Tigray, or to flee to a third country. 

Activists and opposition parties in the diaspora are scenting blood and have again started to argue for the establishment of an Eritrean Government in exile, although this has failed on two previous occasions due to the deep mistrust and divisions among Eritrean communities, a legacy of Isaias’ divide-and-rule strategy and surveillance state.

In a recent interview, he states that the Eritrean forces have two options: 

“The first one is for them to quickly leave Tigray, go back to their country and prolong their time–if they have any left.” He said that what follows from there would be up to the people of Eritrea.

The second option, said Tsadkan, is “to stay in Tigray and try to finish the war here.” According to him, taking option number two “will quicken [EDF]’s death.”

Recent military developments indicate that Isaias is not betting on one horse alone but is instead crafting contingency plans. 

The TDF leader Debretsion stated to me that Eritrean forces are building fortifications in northern Tigray, possibly as fallback positions after their withdrawal from southern and central Tigray. 

Furthermore, Eritrea is building new trenches all along their side of the border, to prepare to fight back against a future potential Tigray offensive.

Still, Isaias has ordered his army to continue fighting in neighbouring Tigray and even in Oromia regional state where there are reports of Eritrean troops fighting the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA) insurgency. Eritrea’s minuscule population of around 3 million cannot replenish the military attrition rate much longer.

Inside Eritrea, opposition parties are prohibited, civil society is non-existent, and the ancient regime has been thoroughly corrupted. 

If the ‘strong man’ falls, what will happen to a state without any functioning political institutions beyond the military? No matter the outcome of the Tigray war, the survival of the Eritrea state may be in question.

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The problem is Abiy does not have the levers with which to compel the withdrawal of outside forces?


Abiy is set to snatch Defeat from the Jaws of his ''police operation''

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Sudan Signals Ex-Dictator to Face International Criminal Court @bpolitics

Sudan indicated it may be ready to hand over toppled dictator Omar al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court, which has indicted him on war crimes and genocide charges.

The pledge to surrender individuals wanted by the ICC was made Saturday by Federal Affairs Minister Buthaina Dinar, who didn’t specifically name anyone. 

Bashir, who was overthrown in 2019 and later jailed for corruption, is wanted by The Hague-based court on charges related to the conflict in the western Sudanese region of Darfur.

Authorities have “generally decided on the handover of the criminals to the ICC,” but the court needs to resolve its procedures, Dinar told reporters in Khartoum, the capital. 

Some of the people wanted are already standing trial in Sudan on local charges, she said.

Cabinet Affairs Minister Khaled Omar Youssef also announced Saturday emergency cuts to spending, including halving the amount allocated to overseas trips and reducing budgets for embassies by 25%.

Sudan is battling to revive an economy ravaged by mismanagement and sanctions under Bashir, who made the country a pariah in the West for much of his three-decade rule. 

The North African nation may hear this week whether it’s eligible for special assistance under the International Monetary Fund and World Bank’s heavily indebted poor countries initiative that could help it clear much of its estimated $60 billion of outstanding foreign debt.

The transitional government in Sudan, an uneasy combination of military and civilian officials, has previously said that members of the former regime indicted by the ICC would face the court, whether in the Netherlands or in their home country.

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Hundreds of people started chanting “Gbagbo ayoka” or “Gbagbo welcome” in his native Bété. @thecontinent_

In his first address to jubilant supporters at his Ivorian Popular Front (FPI) party headquarters, Gbagbo said he’s “glad to return to Côte d’Ivoire and Africa” after a decade in exile, referring to himself as a “soldier” who has returned.

“He said that what he discovered when he was in jail, was that ‘I don’t only belong to Côte d’Ivoire, but to Africa’, meaning he’s come back with a new vision of pan- Africanism and unless we build a strong Africa, we won’t be able to face all the challenges we have”.

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Tanzania Says Resumes Talks for $10 Billion China-Backed Port @bpolitics

Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan said her government has resumed talks on a planned $10 billion port project backed by China, which was suspended by her predecessor in a disagreement over terms.

Hassan told business leaders in the commercial hub Dar es Salaam on Saturday that her government “has started talks to revive the Bagamoyo port project.”

China Merchants Holdings International, China’s largest port operator, broke ground for the port and special economic zone in October 2015, but the project hit an impasse after the inauguration of President John Magufuli a month later. 

The project is also financially backed by Oman’s State General Reserve Fund.

The site of the proposed port is located 75 kilometers (47 miles) north of Dar es Salaam, the country’s main port, which importers have complained is inefficient and congested.

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She then started harvesting and selling naturally grown fruits and seeds like tamarind, hanza (Boscia senegalensis), Marula, jojoba, desert dates, baobab, Sahel raisin, the Black prune. @thecontinent_

Today she has three baobab trees planted on her four-acre farm, over 100 desert dates, over 100 Marula and jojoba trees incorporated with her millets, sorghum, and grounds.

Yousuf’s millet harvest has improved from about 125kg to about 500kg. 

The groundnut produce has increased fourfold from 50 to 200kg, while sorghum rose from less than 100kg to about 250kg.

Josef Garvi, the executive director at Sahara Sahel Foods, told The Continent the company started in 2014 and works with small rural groups and about 1,500 people. 

Eighty percent of the contracted are women and youths in 70 villages in the south-central and southern-eastern Niger republic.

Garvi says most of the wild food is consumed in Niger, often sold in local supermarkets and shops in the country’s major cities. 

Some are exported to neighboring countries like Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso and overseas like the United Kingdom, where products like the desert date oil are shipped.

The company has partnered with Rewild.Earth, a research institution that researches direct seeding and teaches fruit collectors on tree propagation techniques.

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Trail of Brothers Linked to Missing Bitcoin Stash Is Still Murky @business

It’s still hard to establish the whereabouts of Ameer and Raees Cajee, the pair that operated Johannesburg-based Africrypt since 2019. 

They appear to have vanished, along with an estimated $3.6 billion in Bitcoin -- an amount that a lawyer for the brothers said was inflated.

An Africrypt investor presentation paints Raees, the younger brother, as a prodigy. 

He was first introduced to Bitcoin in 2009 and started a business when he was 13 years old, it said. 

Africrypt invested capital “in a variety of crypto currencies which the parties have verbally discussed and understood,” according to a client contract.

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Usable Foreign Exchange Reserves Rose by USD 640 Million @ouma_timothy
Kenyan Economy

Usable foreign exchange reserves rose to USD 8,114 million translating to 4.96 months of import cover as at June 24 compared to USD 7474 million on June 17.

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Simbisa Brands +20yrs in Kenya @my_tradesignals
Kenyan Economy

Chicken Inn

Pizza Inn

Creamy Inn


Stop & Shop

Bakers Inn

My Shop stores at Oilibya Fuel Stations.

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by Aly Khan Satchu (www.rich.co.ke)
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June 2021

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